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If you have plants in your home they will generally require different care at different times of the year. The care required will depend on where the plant is in its natural cycle; is it growing and blooming or is it in a dormant state?
Not all plants bloom and grow at the same time of the year; you need to check the details for each individual plant when you purchase it. However, the majority of houseplants have their period of growth in spring and summer with winter being the dormant time of the year.
If a plant is dormant during winter how should you take care of it?
When plants are dormant they don’t need as much nourishment as they do during periods when they are in bloom, or when their foliage is growing. So, if your plant is dormant in the winter, you probably won’t need to feed it at all, and you can water it more sparingly. It’s important to note that, at this time, you should make sure that the soil or compost the plant is in is allowed to dry out before you water again. If you don’t do this you stand a chance of exposing your plant to root rot.
Even though you don’t need to invest as much time caring for your plant during the winter, if it’s dormant, you still need to be watchful as to its condition. The fact that it doesn’t need as much nutrition and hydration doesn’t mean you can get away with not watering it at all.
If plants are dormant in winter does that mean you can’t have color in the house?
Not every plant is dormant in winter months; some actually bloom at this time of year. The bright colors and heart-shaped flowers of the cyclamen are a familiar sight in winter. They prefer a cooler temperature and in the right conditions they can provide beautiful decoration for a considerable length of time.
Another bloom that does well during winter is the attractive white jasmine which also produces a fragrant atmosphere. Jasmine is easy to train around a hoop if you want to create decorations for around your home to brighten it during months when there is less sunshine to paint your rooms.
Obviously if you have houseplants in your home that flower and grow during the winter you are going to have to spend more time taking care of them. In the case of jasmine regular pruning will stimulate more growth and is also used if you are training the plant to grow in a specific shape. For all plants that are growing you need to make sure they receive enough nutrients; once a week you should include some liquid feed when watering them.
You should also make sure that they are well watered. But do not be tempted to over water your plants. You should never carry on watering without letting the soil drain first. If you do so this can lead to the plant being waterlogged; a situation which is just as dangerous as letting the plant dry out.